The most common type of product used to soften water is known as a salt-based system because it consists of two tanks that work together to altogether remove ions from the water using salt to wash the solidifying ions from the softener towards the sewage system. The main tank is designed with a charged resin bed that draws particles from the water as it travels through the tank and stores ions until the resin layer reaches its saturation point. A computerized regulator is located at the top of the base tank and monitors the volume of water being treated before indicating a regeneration cycle that purifies the ions from the base. During the regeneration period, a concentrated solution is created using the salt stored in the secondary tank and rinsed through the primary tank to remove the stored ions. This restores the resin layer to continue to pull particles out of the water for long periods.
One of the most significant maintenance steps required to keep the salt-based softener working correctly is the regular replenishment of the salt in the small tank. Every renewal cycle consumes the portion of the salt and causes it to decrease gradually. Although most households should check their salt level every two to four weeks, those who use large amounts of water may need to check their tank often. Large bags of salt specially designed for softening systems can be purchased at most grocery stores in the United States. Also, the homeowner should be aware that a salt bridge may form at the bottom of the secondary tank if the water is not used for an extended period. This bridge needs to be broken for the system to continue to function correctly. Other problems that may require ongoing maintenance may include additives to remove excessive amounts of iron and sterilize the product if bacteria are detected in the water. Most people choose to have professionals take care of this type of work if needed.
Salt-based systems are prevalent because they are instrumental and require very little maintenance of the water softener San Antonio. Those who are concerned about the cost of this type of product or who are wondering about the impact it can have on the environment may want to consider an alternative without salt. Several options on the market often claim to soften water by changing the chemical composition of the hardness, causing the ions. Some of these products are designed to be attached to the outside of pipes leading to the home, while others may require the use of a dedicated line to direct water through the tank or even filter before starting the main plumbing system. In most cases, the replacement system will require little or no maintenance and quickly set up by the homeowner. Regardless of which product is purchased, it is best to ask an installer specializing in the area in which product is most used and why. Those who have worked in the industry for several years can provide valuable advice and usually offer some customer support services to those who hire them to perform the installation.