Cement plays a vital role in the construction of houses, highways, and other brick-and-motor structures, from holding the bricks together to fortifying the concrete. Installing a cement plant requires a huge investment. Now is the time to become knowledgeable about the many cement varieties that are offered on the market to suit various construction needs. These cement variations differ in terms of their quality, technological advancements, chemical makeup, and goals for construction sites. Some of them are utilized for standard masonry construction, while others are picked for their aesthetic appeal. Different types of cement are listed here:
Ordinary Portland cement (OPC)
The most popular type of cement produced and used globally is ordinary Portland cement. A kind of building stone quarried on the Isle of Portland in Dorset, England, gave rise to the generic name “Portland.” OPC is appropriate for the majority of conventional concrete applications as well as construction projects involving mortar or stucco. It is constructed from calcareous materials, such as limestone, chalk, and marl, and argillaceous materials, such as silicates of alumina found in clay and shale.
Low heat cement
Low heat cement has a lower hydration temperature and requires less water to mix and set. The components used to make this form of cement are the same as those used to make portland cement, but their proportions have been altered. It contains less tricalcium illuminate and more dicalcium silicate. It is frequently used for floors and surfaces in chemical plants due to its strong chemical corrosion resistance, due to its high strength and wear and rupture resistance, it is also utilized in dams, wind turbine feet, huge footings, and raft slabs of concrete.
Iron oxide-free raw ingredients are used to create white cement in cement plant. When making this type of cement, more lime and china clay are utilized. The other characteristics of white cement are identical to those of regular Portland cement. Architectural uses of white cement include pre-cast curtain walls and facing panels. In addition, it is utilized in the production of tile adhesive, grout, and wall putty. Because it offers a smooth and attractive appearance, white cement is frequently utilized for exterior rendering. The majority of builders also employ it when installing terrazzo floors.
During the grinding process, certain compounds that repel water are added to regular Portland cement clinker to create hydrophobic cement. Each cement particle develops a water-repellent covering that keeps water or moisture from the air from absorbing into the cement. This film is torn during the concrete mixing process, and the normal hydration process occurs in the same way as with regular Portland cement. When the weather is excessively moist, this cement is perfect for longer-term storage. Oleic acid, stearic acid, naphthenic acid, and other acids can be used as hydrophobic agents.
A common building element and a key component of fundamental building materials including concrete, mortar, and plaster, cement is widely used in construction. Plaster of Paris is one of the types of Paris. For particular construction projects, various cement kinds satisfy a variety of chemical and physical specifications. Choose the cement type according to your requirement.